Homeowner Association Commercial Pool Service Management


Testing Your Pool

 Testing your pool 2-3 times a week during the summer and once a week during the winter is important to maintain adequate water  balance and sanitizer levels plus to insure swimmer comfort. Proper testing also ensures that calcium levels are maintained and  that there are no metals present in the pool water. These tests can be completed by you or your pool professional. In order to  prevent scaling or corrosive action and to achieve maximum swimmer comfort, the pool water should be balanced to the following  levels:

                 TEST                                              RANGE

                  pH                                                  7.2 - 7.6

                 Total Alkalinity                                120 - 150 ppm

                 Calcium Hardness                        200 - 250 ppm

                 Free Chlorine                                1 - 3 ppm

                 Free Bromine                                3 - 5 ppm

                 Metals: Copper                              0 ppm

                 Metals: Iron                                    0 ppm

Balancing pH

 pH is the measure of acid and base in the pool water. The pH of the pool should be tested and adjusted, if necessary, on a weekly  basis. If the pH of the pool water drifts to the acid side of the scale, corrosion of pool surfaces and equipment can occur. If the pH  of the pool water drifts to the base side - scaling, deposits, and cloudy water can occur. Use a pH increaser to increase the pH of  the pool. At 8.5, chlorine is only about 10% active. At 7.0, chlorine is about 73% active. If you maintain pH around 7.5, the chlorine  will be 50-60% active. Keeping the pH in check will allow you to use the full potential of the chlorine that is already in the pool. To  lower the pH of the pool, use a pH decreaser. 

 NOTE: Always follow label directions when adding any pool maintenance products to the pool. Never mix products together. If  unsure how products are to be used, contact your local pool professional.

 Calcium Hardness

 Calcium Hardness is the amount of dissolved calcium in the pool water. Low calcium hardness levels can cause plaster finish  etching and shorten the life of vinyl liners. High calcium levels can result in calcium deposits on the pool surfaces as well as  equipment. The proper range for calcium hardness in pool water is 200- 250 ppm (parts per million) for concrete pools and 175-  225 ppm for vinyl pools. Your pool professional can advise you of the best method for treating your pool if you encounter high  calcium hardness. 

 Total Alkalinity

 To prevent the pH varying up and down, the proper amount of acid buffers, or total alkalinity, must be maintained in the pool. The  pool should be tested weekly with a total alkalinity of 120-150 ppm (parts per million) maintained. Low total alkalinity can not only  result in pH bounce and fluctuations, but corrosiveness and the possibility of staining increase. High total alkalinity also can cause  the pH to fluctuate as well as cause cloudy pools along with possible scaling. To lower total alkalinity, follow the directions from  your pool professional. To raise total alkalinity, an alkalinity booster is recommended.



 There should not be any metals present in your swimming pool water. Metals can cause staining in the pool and cause the pool to  turn colors. The most common types of metals that appear in pool water are copper, iron, and manganese. If metals are present in  the pool, a stain and scale remover should be used on a regular basis to prevent staining. You should determine the source of the  metals and remove if possible.

 Sanitize with Chlorine

 Stabilized chlorine products sanitize your pool water and kill bacteria. Stabilized chlorine products are protected from sun light  degradation and are an ideal means to keep your pool clear and clean. Most stabilized chlorine products are available in a variety of  forms:

  • Chlorinated Tablets 3”

  • Chlorinated Tablets 1”

  • Skimmer Sticks

  • Multi-functional Chlorinating Granules

 Your pool professional can determine the best form and type of sanitization program for your particular needs. A free chlorine level  of 1-3 ppm should be maintained in the pool at all times.

 NOTE: You will get more out of chemicals if you add them after the sun has set.


 Sanitize with Bromine

 You may want to use bromine instead of chlorine to sanitize your pool. Bromine tablets provide a reliable method for killing bacteria  and keeping your pool clear and clean. To utilize bromine effectively, an automatic brominator should be installed in your pool. 


 Shocking the pool on a regular basis is an important element in keeping the pool clear and clean. Swimmers and the environment  add waste to the pool that must be eliminated on a regular basis in order to prevent problems such as algae and cloudy water. 


 Preventing algae is the key to an enjoyable pool. Algaecides act as a backup to your normal sanitization program and prevent algae  from starting and growing in the pool. Algaecide should be added after every shock treatment. 

Calculating pool formulas

Use these helpful formulas to calculate your Pool or Spa volumes before adding chemicals.  Using the Length, Width, Depth (1) and Depth (2), and the Shape, the Pool Volume Calculator will calculate the correct gallons.

water chemistry & pool maintenance tips from the pros...

TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE FOR POOL CARE: Often, many water and surface problems can be handled by the individual pool owner. The information below provides solutions to some common pool issues. Always make sure the water is properly balanced prior to any addition of corrective chemicals. For more information on causes of and corrections for: Green Algae, Black Algae, Mustard Algae, Pink Slime, Water Mold, Water Bugs, Cloudy Water, Discolored Water, Water Odor & Eye Irritation, Scale Build-up, Etching, Bleaching, Staining, Foaming, Green Hair, and Water Loss - access our link for Water Chemistry or call us today!